The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has embarked upon a revolutionary governance model entitled as the Community-Driven Local Development (CDLD) Policy. The policy has its objectives rooted in the philosophy of mobilising and involving local communities directly as a catalyst of sustainable local development. Therefore, the policy takes a paradigm shift from the top-down focus to a more participatory bottom-up approach in pursuit of improving the quality and availability of frontline service delivery.
The relationship between the citizens and state is being redefined in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The CDLD Policy takes inspiration from the spirit of empowering communities in the province to contribute to their own development. The policy enables this progression by bringing public service providers and recipients of these services together collectively to undertake a broad range of community infrastructure projects in the following major sectors:
- Primary Health Care
- Basic Education
- Access Roads
- Social Welfare
- Cultural Sports
- Agriculture Development
- Farm Management
- Soil Conservation
- Social Forestry
- Public Infrastructure
- Public Health Engineering
Within these sectors, additional sub-sectors have also been identified for funding and support by the respective district administrations in collaboration with the line departments.
The impetus behind the revamp of the local development approach in the province is the overarching CDLD Policy which rests on the model of local governance known as collective action. Under the policy, local development is resulting from a collaboration between local communities and district administrations with the community based organisations to identify and execute public sector funded development projects.
This collective action development model and the policy are the first ever in the history of Pakistan, which will strengthen transparency and accountability of public sector funds and implementation of development projects at the lower tiers of local governance. The core feature of the CDLD Policy, which sets it apart from other governance frameworks, is the enhanced role of local communities in identifying their needs, developing project concepts, applying for public sector funding, and executing the projects collectively with the assistance of district administrations. The Community-Driven Local Development (CDLD) Policy is guided by certain principles which are integral to its philosophical rationale:
- Full participation of communities
- Transparency in implementation
- Accountability of people and projects
- Responsiveness of line departments
- Subsidiarity in decision making
- Inclusiveness of community groups